Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Comparing Music Genres With Drug Abuse Essay - 1276 Words

Comparing Music Genres with Drug Abuse Researchers have conducted different researchers aimed at investigating the relationship between illicit drug use and specific music genres. In a study conducted by Hesse and Tutenges (83) it was clear that specific music genre promote drug abuse as they contain different lyrical content, imagery in videos and public image artists who attracted huge following among the youths. A study conducted by Edmondson (406) revealed that music could be used as a model to use drugs while the listeners may share the same music choice with drug users since they will interact in the dances. Additional researchers have associated popular rap and rock songs with deviant messages in their lyrics that encourage drug use (Aldridge and Fachner 20). Another research by Vuolo, Uggen and Lageson (538) revealed that young people who listen to rap and hip hop are more prone to alcohol and drug abuse compared to listeners of other types of music. The researcher connected the findings with the sponsorship done by alcohol companies that use rap in their advertisement and endorsements. In a different study, more than 50 percent of hip-hop and rap mention alcohol or drugs in their lyrics as compared to only 10% of other music genres, Electronic Dance Music included (Van Havere et al. 369). The use of drugs is associated with the frequent exposure of users in music with reference to substance abuse (Vuolo, Uggen and Lageson 539). There are few gaps in the literatureShow MoreRelatedWhat Does The Strength Perspective Can Be Beneficial? Adolescents?1285 Words   |  6 Pagesbased perspective and the program. Many of the teens liked how they learned to identify and use their strengths. They likes learning how to focus on their strengths instead of focusing on their problems. This could help the adolescents from turning to drug use because thinking and determining their strengths can be a deterrent. Social workers need to know how the strength perspective can be beneficial to adolescents. Strengths based perspective can be short term or long term, depending on what is mostRead MoreDrug and Music Trend Analysis4070 Words   |  17 PagesDrug Use and Its Impact on the Music Industry Music industry execs: listen up! Your consumers are bellowing their wants, needs, and desires from every published statistic that used to scare your moms and dads to death. I’m talking about possibly the best pre social-trend indictor at your disposal: drugs. I aim to show you how using current drug use statistics will give you an objective look at the music trends that are just around the corner. A close look at historical data shows a high correlationRead MoreAnalysis Of Drake s The Song Nothing Was The Same 1579 Words   |  7 Pagesand his music career. This is also a reflection of his album which consists of recent hits including â€Å"I Have Nothing†, â€Å"Started From the Bottom†, â€Å"Pound Cake† and â€Å"Hold On†. The overall message within the album remains Drake’s struggle along with his successful transition from being a struggling artist to a successful one. Moreover, he also doesn’t shy away from taking aim at his contemporaries and those who have dismissed him in the past. He is also vocal about his success by comparing himself withRead More Tracing the Rap/Hip-Hop Dichotomy in Popular and Underground Music3130 Words   |  13 PagesTracing the Rap/Hip-Hop Dichotomy in Popular and Underground Music Rap music has experienced a radical increase in popularity in the last five years. In the year 2000, rap became the second-best-selling genre in music, capturing 12.9 percent of the years $14.3 billion in total record sales (Rap/Hip Hop Sc 1). Though rap is no stranger to criticism, that criticism has increased in both quantity and vociferousness at about the same rate as the number of rap albums climbing the charts. AndRead MoreDo Behavioral Issues Caused By Violence2152 Words   |  9 Pagesbehavior, for example, violence in the real world. For the most part, while some people contemplate that the news for instance, is full of violence, Times Mirror, a nationwide survey found that (of 1,516 Americans conducted February 20-23) that comparing today’s generation with those of the 1980’s believe that the news amplifies the expanse of violence in America (Pew Research Center). Violence is seen throughout society, not just in the media. The problem with society is that th ey think that byRead MoreVampire Vs. Vampire Myth2146 Words   |  9 Pagesvampire narratives share similar appearances, habits and afflictions. Most readers and viewers are extensively familiar with what they believe a vampire to be most often comparing these vampires to Bram Stoker’s Dracula. Dracula is the quintessential example of modern vampires and has a significant and lasting impact on the genre of vampires both from the novel and subsequent films. Simply put, most individuals are familiar with the traditional vampire, who is generally a fair skinned male that drinksRead More Discontent Expressed through Blues, Jazz, Reggae, and Hip-hop5489 Words   |  22 PagesDiscontent Expressed through Blues, Jazz, Reggae, and Hip-hop In cultures all over the world, music can be seen encompassing many aspects of life for many individuals. It is a form of mass communication thatspeaks directly to society as a cultural form, and often reflects a collection and pattern of personal experiences (King 19). Music is so influential because it communicates on three different levels: the physical, emotional, and cognitive. Not only does it operate in a nondiscursive way, byRead MoreForrest Gump as the Modern Day Fairytale Essay4165 Words   |  17 Pagesher own destiny using what God gave each person? One film review comments upon how the film ponders this philosophical question throughout, although a clear answer can never be given. The reference to the opening sequence is clever, comparing life to a feather in the wind as the director intended. Life is like a box of chocolates†¦ you never know what your gonna get This famous simile from Forrests mother was one of the promotional lines of the film. The wordsRead MoreRdg/543 Dynamic Literacy Classroom Essay8655 Words   |  35 Pagesf. He was a gang leader in Chicago. g. He is good at breaking and entering. h. He has no conscience. 3. Which of the following is true about Arjay? i. He loves football. j. He is a violent person. k. He loves music. l. He is not loyal to his friends. 4. Which word describes all of the â€Å"Juvie Three†? m. musical n. changing o. trusting p. throughtless 5. Which of the following did not occur as a consequence of the boys’Read MoreOpenness in Personality10561 Words   |  43 Pagesabstractions far removed from concrete experience. Depending on the individuals specific intellectual abilities, this symbolic cognition may take the form of mathematical, logical, or geometric thinking, artistic and metaphorical use of language, music composition or performance, or one of the many visual or performing arts. People with low scores on openness to experience tend to have narrow, common interests. They prefer the plain, straightforward, and obvious over the complex, ambiguous, and subtle

Monday, May 18, 2020

Expanding to China Essay - 1583 Words

Expanding to China The purpose of this proposal is to explore the potential challenges involved in expanding business activities in China. Of specific concerns are (1) the need to identify expatriates; (2) recruit local talent to staff the business units; (3) develop those employed in the expansion project; and (4) identify and address cross-culture issues that will inevitably emerge and determine the most efficient and effective strategies for addressing the deployment of expatriates and local talent. In attempting to respond to these challenges substantial research was done, providing guidance, which can be considered in the expansion efforts. Expats versus Hiring Local Talent In pursuing expansion into the China market, the company†¦show more content†¦However, it is equally important to have expatriates, specifically at the managerial level, to ensure the functionality of daily operations and act as liaisons between local government and other Chinese local interests (Ahlstrom, Young, Nair, 2003). Ahlstrom, Young, and Nair posit that foreign firms can also reduce the likelihood of confronting local pressures ...by hiring people with established connections and influence... (Ahlstrom, Young, Nair, 2003, p. 4). This also will allow for a smoother transition and set the basis for long-term stability in the Chinese locality. Attract and Develop Expats and Local Talent Regarding the identification of competent expatriates to establish business operations in China and the recruitment of local talent, the challenges are formidable, however, manageable. For example, according to Johannes Meier, Javier Perez, and Jonathan R. Woetzel, in their article, Solving the Puzzle: MNCs in China, foreign businesses are experiencing considerable difficulty in â€Å"identifying skilled local managers and experienced expatriates capable of leading China initiatives (Meier, Perez, Woetzel, 1995, p. 20). In response to these challenges, the authors recommend four important strategies for ensuring success in China. First, the company must establish a strong China corporate center to coordinate external relationships, including investment decisions and strategic development andShow MoreRelatedExpanding Ikea into China: An Analysis673 Words   |  3 PagesTO: Ikea Board of Directors and Human Resource Managers FROM: I.B Analyst, International Expansion Project RE: Movement into China Globalization has brought the world closer in communication, economics, politics, and especially business. The Internet and technological improvements have allowed instantaneous communication almost anywhere, and even poor women in India are using Smartphones to manage their banking portfolios. The idea of globalism continues to break down cultural barriers. As thisRead MoreExpanding The Ice Cream Shops Into China1092 Words   |  5 PagesCream Shops into China we will compare our U.S. business practices to those in China. We will specifically take a look at the Marketing Mix and 4 P’s of marketing (Product, Price, Promotion, and Place) to begin addressing our potential marketing strategies; we will need to be prepared to refine our products appeal for the Chinese consumer. 1. Product – We’ve learned that in the West, product sales result from a combination of product display and price reductions. By contrast, in China, product salesRead MoreExpanding Deeres Construction Segement to China Essays1293 Words   |  6 Pagesequipment sales. Although farmers tend to gravitate toward smaller, regional banks, and other credit crises as seen in late 2008 could impede equipment buyer’s ability to finance new machinery. A recent endeavor to expand the construction segment in China also presents risk, as the region is home to more established players, both domestic and foreign, and has also experienced recent weakening. Business Level Strategy Business level strategies identify the company’s overall competitive theme (Hill Read MorePest Analysis for Thorntons Expanding Business in China and India5083 Words   |  21 PagesPEST Analysis for Thorntons ——Expanding Business in China India WANG Keyun, REN Yuchen, ZHOU Yihui, LIN Xi, SHI Zhengjun, YANG Liuyi Nottingham University Business School University of Nottingham Ningbo China 2012/11/1 Table of contents ...................................................................................................... 1 Executive Summary ................................................................................................. 2 1. Company Overview andRead MoreThe Future Of Us China Relations Essay1654 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"China Rising† is a non-arguable fact and the one of the most important subject in the twenty-first century. The rise of China is a relative threat to the neighbor regions or other great powers. Further, some scholars also comment that China either will replace or has already superseded the United State as the world’s only superpower. China’s growth is too rapid and massive that other nations have limited or no opportunity to compete with it. By using international relations theories to analyze US-ChinaRead MoreDisney Market Entry Strategy1610 Words   |  7 Pageson a 963 acres’ site in Shanghai, China (Xu, 2012). After one year in operation, Shanghai Disneyland is outpacing their most optimistic projections, and the park’s performance is exceeding expectations (Sampson, 2017). However, it took the need to overcome cultural and managerial obstac les to make the Shanghai expansion possible. This report will analyze the cultural factors and managerial challenges facing the Walt Disney Company when expanding into Shanghai, China. First, the impact of differentRead MoreAn Analysis Of Kfc s International Expansion Opportunities Essay1147 Words   |  5 Pagesthe company’s performance? Develop a Business strategy that accounts the statistics of China’s major surroundings cities Key Issues Is China the best option to expand into? Where in the country would be the most beneficial to expand into? Is International expansion worth the risk? Many other competitors to KFC are already present in China. Controlling how China runs the franchises will be difficult to maintain from the U.S. Will the Chinese react the way KFC wants them too, or will they avoid theRead MoreCase Study : Problem And Key Issues1367 Words   |  6 PagesKey Issues. What is the main problem to be solved? How should GM develop their strategy in China to respond to the uncertainties in the business environment? What are the key issues (sub-problems) that need to be analyzed in order to solve the main problem? 1. How competition is expanding and strategizing both foreign and domestically. 2. How will potential Gov’t restrictions affect the auto market in China? 3. How do other regional and strategic opportunities provide more potential benefit to GM’sRead MoreA Study on Dorchester Inc Takeovers1372 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Dorchester Inc. takeovers Dorchester, Inc is a U.S based conglomerate and has the intentions of expanding its operation to international levels. Recently there has been a trend by its competitors to expand their operations internationally as well. This is the prompter to the decision by the management of Dorchester, Inc to follow their competitors trend and venture into the new and emerging markets globally as a long term business strategy. Through this international expansion Dorchester, IncRead MoreJabwood International Case Study - My Personal Opinion855 Words   |  4 Pageswholesalers, eliminating Jabwood’s exclusivity. Possible Alternatives: In order to increase revenue and sales, Jabwood International has many options. In my opinion, the only feasible options would include expanding their business into two countries: Saudi Arabia and China. Expanding into the Saudi Arabia market is a very enticing solution for many reasons. Saudi Arabia does not have its own wood supply and therefore relies heavily on other countries for this need. Jabwood has had operations

Friday, May 15, 2020

Apple The Icloud Loophole ( Theverge ) - 2147 Words

Mossberg: The iCloud loophole (TheVerge): Walt Mossberg s article highlights the fact that Apple has the ability to decrypt the bulk of data that is uploaded via iCloud backups. Furthermore, Apple has unencrypted and provided iCloud backup data to both the FBI as well as other law enforcement agencies on numerous occasions (once a valid warrant has been issued), according to this article. This article indicates that Apple views iCloud data differently from the iPhone for a variety of reasons:  ¥ Apple claims that the security policies for the phone relate to a physical object which can, therefore, be lost or misappropriated and consequently the physical device requires heightened security protocols;  ¥ Apple indicates that the iCloud†¦show more content†¦If Apple s primary motivators surround data privacy and protection for its customers, then why does it retain the ability to decrypt iPhone backups? Did Apple choose this battle merely to highlight what it deems to be a larger privacy issue or does Apple truly believe that data on an iPhone is more sensitive than data on an iPhone after it is backed up to iCloud? Before proceeding, I should say that on a personal level, irrespective of the position I may have extolled in previous blog posts I think that data privacy and encryption, in particular, are valuable tools that are available to citizens within the digital realm. Specifically, I am not in favor of encryption backdoors, master keys, or â€Å"clipper-style† chips that would allow government intrusion into electronic communications. That being said, it seems a bit disingenuous to argue that modifying the iOS code to remove the timing delay between successive passcode unlock attempts, and to bypass the auto-delete functionality so the Government could launch a brute-force attack against an iPhone somehow places user data in greater jeopardy than putting a bow around a decrypted iCloud backup and delivering it to the Government. Frankly, it seems shocking that more users aren’t distraught by Apple’s past and seemingly future compliance with requests for decryption of iCloud backups. A number of arguments have been raised with respect to

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Analysis Of Rip Van Winkle - 1055 Words

Washington Irving, â€Å"Rip Van Winkle† (29) Within Washington Irvings story â€Å"Rip Van Winkle†, Irving depicts an early British colonist by the name of Rip. Rip although the descendant of the chivalrous Van Winkles, does not like to perform arduous tasks. Irving illustrates this within the text stating, â€Å" Rip Van Winkle, however, was one of those happy mortals, of foolish, well- being oiled dispositions, who take the world easy, eat white bread or brown, which ever can be got with the least thought or trouble, and would rather starve on a penny than work for a pound.† ( Irving 32) This highlights the indifferent attitude Rip has when it comes to results in life as well as his desire to avoid work. Rip is somewhat odd in this respect†¦show more content†¦The overall themes of the story can be interpreted as old habits die hard, or time flies when you are having fun. The notes of D.K. draw a conclusion of his belief in such an event in happening, this reveals the idealistic outlook of folktales. Edgar Allan Poe, â€Å"The Fall of the House of Usher† (654) The story of â€Å"The Fall of the House of Usher† by Edgar Allan Poe reveals the terrors that can derive from fear. The story starts with the description by the narrator of his friends Roderick Usher’s house, the text reads, â€Å"During the whole of a dull, dark, and soundless day in the autumn of the year, when the clouds hung oppressively low in the heavens, I had been passing alone, on horseback, through a singularly dreary tract of country; and at length found myself, as the shades of the evening drew on, within view of the melancholy House of Usher. I know not how it was --but, with the first glimpse of the building, a sense of insufferable gloom pervaded my spirit.† (Poe 654) The story later goes onto explain how Roderick and his twin sister, Madeline are the last of the Usher bloodline and both suffer from serious illnesses. Madeline although, suffers from a more serious illness catalepsy resulting in various seizures. Upon one of her seizures Roderick declares Madeline as dead and asks the narrator to help bury her. A week goes past and the narrator and Roderick are readingShow MoreRelatedRip Van Winkle Analysis732 Words   |  3 PagesRip van Winkle by Washington Irving is a story about a man, and a bizarre adventure through time to the near future during the American Revolution. The story follows a Dutch-American settler living in the New York Catskills before the American Revolt. Within the village, the man is well-known as a remarkable member of the society, as that plays into the genre. The story takes an unexpected turn when the main character, Rip Van Winkle, is fast-travelled through time, to an era soon after the AmericanRead MoreTradition and Revolution in Rip Van Winkle: An Analysis1643 Words   |  7 PagesAn Analysis of Tradition and Revolution in Rip Van Winkle Washington Irvings Rip Van Winkle is a tale that he wrote after an old traditional European story. Irving situates it in America before and after the Revolutionary War and describes Rip as a man whose only desire in life is to get away from petticoat tyranny meaning his wife. However, Rip may also be seen as a traditional figure of simplicity who is just as content to be a subject of the king as he is to be a subject of the PresidentRead MoreLiterary Analysis Of Rip Van Winkle939 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"Rip Van Winkle† is a classic American Mythological story that tells the tale of a man who sleeps for twenty years after drinking a mysterious drink. Rip Van Winkle is a very lazy, American man who one day, ventures off into the woods with his dog named Wolf. While in the woods, he finds a group of men playing Skittles and drinking liquor in the middle of an amphitheater. He joins them, and drinks some of their alcohol, but he soon passes out. When he awakens, twenty years h ave passed, and he missedRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Rip Van Winkle 1868 Words   |  8 Pages For the latter part of the last two centuries, generations of people around the world have read or heard of the tale of the man who slept for two decades known as â€Å"Rip Van Winkle†. This short story was originally published in a book called â€Å"The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.† by American author Washington Irving under the pseudonym â€Å"Geoffrey Crayon. Irving used effective writing to show the reader every detail needed to understand where and what is going on especially during the transitioningRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Rip Van Winkle 940 Words   |  4 Pages Rip Van Winkle is a confusing national identity story written in the 1819(IRVING 467). It’s a time in history when America was developing and changing as a nation. The twist of the story makes the dialogue kind of confusing but it all makes sense at the end. It’s very interes ting how the story takes place. In the beginning of the story Washington Irving describes the nature in a quote by stating, â€Å"Whoever has a voyage up the Hudson, must remember the Catskill Mountains. They are a dismembered branchRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem Rip Van Winkle 1527 Words   |  7 Pagesexperience. â€Å"Rip Van Winkle† is a mature version of Franklin’s short fictional sketches, such as â€Å"The Speech of Polly Baker,† and if one were to read isolated passages from Irving and Franklin aloud, it could be difficult to identify the source, as both develop a muted sarcasm and rely heavily on irony to develop their narratives. Perhaps more surprising, however, is the fact that Irving is most indebted to the older tradition of Native American literature that he references in the postscript to â€Å"Rip VanRead MoreAnalysis Of Erving s Rip Van Winkle And Mason953 Words   |  4 PagesIn this paper, I will be explaining Washington â€Å"Erving’s Rip Van Winkle† and Mason Locke Weems’s â€Å"Life of Washington† cultural, social, and historical context. In the â€Å"Life of Washington†, Weems shows how George Washington was raised and how he acted as a child. However, in â€Å"Rip Van Winkle†, Irving tells a story of a man who slept through the Revolutionary War and wakes to find a new country. These stories show the problem of how the United States of America was seen in the eyes of foreignRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Rip Van Winkle And Young Goodman Brown 1197 Words   |  5 Pages In Rip Van Winkle by Washington Irving and Young Goodman Brown by Nathaniel Hawthorne, the wilderness is used as a place for the main characters of both stories to have profound supernatural, spiritual experiences. Washington Irving uses the wilderness and nature to add a great sense of romanticism to his writing by creating a peaceful, mystical world. In Rip Van Winkle, Iriving implies that nature’s possessive beauty offers a great escape from the conventions of everyday life and can allow oneRead MoreAnalysis Of Rip Van Winkle And The Legend Of Sleepy Hollow By Washington Irving1380 Words   |  6 Pagesbelieved in the purity and beauty of nature.[Thesis] Romanticism is a time period that many authors began to emerge in. These authors wrote about their strong feelings, and that nature is more important than city life. [Previ ew] In the pieces â€Å"Rip Van Winkle† by Washington Irving, â€Å"Thanatopsis† by William Cullen Bryant, and â€Å"The Legend of Sleepy Hollow† by Washington Irving all show strong relations to the traits of Romantic writing. These characteristics include strong imagination, strong feelingsRead More Confusion and Personal Identity in Rip Van Winkle Essay985 Words   |  4 Pages   Rip Van Winkle tells the story of a man who, on a trek into the Kaatskill mountains, mysteriously sleeps away twenty years of his life during the Revolutionary War. When he returns home, he finds that things have dramatically changed; King George no longer has control over the colonies, and many of his friends have either died or left town. At this point, the story reaches its climax, where Van Winkle realizes that his life may be forever changed. To this point, Rip Van Winkle has had

I want to Accompany the Space Shuttle Mission - 723 Words

I am interested in accompanying the astronauts on their next mission to space. Ever since I was young, I have asked myself lots of questions about why the universe is like what it is like. Over time some of those questions have been answered, some of the answers lead to more questions, and some of those questions still remain a mystery. Going up into space will be a great opportunity for me do find out more about the many things that have pondered in my mind. This is why going into space would be a great experience for a responsible, intelligent, and hardworking student. There are many reasons why I should be chosen to go on the next space shuttle flight. I am very responsible, I am willing to take on any challenge that is thrown at me, and I am very intelligent. I am a very welcoming person with a pleasant personality and I am a self-directed learner that strives for excellence. These qualities are why I think I should be the one chosen to go into space. I am very responsible. I excel socially and academically both in and out of the classroom. I am a person that is readily available to assist others and participate in community service by assisting former teachers and helping with community projects. I make sure that I study and that I am prepared for the rest of the week. I also have a tight schedule that includes school, after school clubs, sports, and volunteering. This makes time management very essential in my everyday life and will be able to utilize this skill whileShow MoreRelated Armageddon Essay4482 Words   |  18 Pagesdeep-core drillers, led by Harry Stamper (Bruce Willis), to accompany a team of astronauts into space. Their goal is to land on the surface of the asteroid, plant nuclear bombs within its core, and detonate them remotely. The astronauts are charged with splitting the asteroid into two pieces before it reaches zero barrier so that it will conveniently bypass Earth. Harry’s team of roughnecks spends less than a week-and-a-half training for space under the intense scrutiny of hypercritical governmentRead MoreLodging Inductry24737 Words   |  99 PagesSlides: 1-7 to 1-11, 1-14. Objective: 4. Discuss how marketing managers go about developing profitable customer relationships. Recommended Ideas: In order to make business decisions with customers in mind, it is important to understand their needs, wants, and demands. It is important that products are designed to offer value, satisfaction, and quality in order to create and retain customers and maintain or increase profitability. Examples: Use examples on textbook â€Å"great leaders† section, such asRead MoreEssay about Boeing Company Analysis15946 Words   |  64 Pagesjetliners and military aircraft combined. Boeing also designs and manufactures rotorcraft, electronic and defense systems, missiles, satellites, launch vehicles and advanced information and communication systems. Boeing operates the Space Shuttle and International Space Station for NASA as well as numerous military and commercial airline support services. The company employs more than 160,000 people across the U.S. and in 70 countries. Boeing has customers in more than 90 countries world-wide andRead MorePresent Day Robotic Surgery and Beyond8509 Words   |  35 Pagesinformation found in scholarly journals and the websites of schools that this technology began at, this research is set to examine robotic surgery and its emergence into the medical field. This paper specifically tackles the advantages and incentives that accompany the safety precautions and pitfalls to robotic surgery, while also asking what will this technology do next and venturing into examples of how this technology has impact on doctors and the field of medicine itself. Most patients and doctors supportRead MoreInnovators Dna84615 Words   |  339 Pagessuccessful innovators exhibit common behavioral habits—habits that can boost anyone’s creative capacity.† author, e 7 Habits of Highly E ective People and e Leader in Me â€Å"Having worked with Clayton Christensen on innovation for over a decade, I can see that e Innovator’s DNA continues to stretch our thinking with insights that challenge convention and enable progress in the important cause of innovation . . . so critical to competitiveness and growth.† retired Chairman of the Board andRead MoreExploring Corporate Strategy - Case164366 Words   |  658 Pagesdot.com. Formula One – developing the capabilities for competitive success in a hi-tech industry. Manchester United – clash of expectations in the football world. Salvation Army – strategic challenges for a global not-for-profit organisation with a mission. Bayer MS – corporate social responsibility in the international development of a German company. Eurotunnel – clash of cultures threatens to derail Anglo–French rail link. Ryanair – competitive challenge and strategic choice in the budget airlineRead MoreIgbo Dictionary129408 Words   |  518 Pagesmake the manuscript available, I have therefore joined together the fragments of the electronic manuscript and converted all the diacritics to a single system. I hope I have done this consistently, but errors may still remain. Where something was mistyped from the ms. the global co nversion occasionally produced eccentric results. I have checked this as far as possible against the photocopy, but some inconsistencies between photocopy and electronic file may remain. I have also corrected other obviousRead MoreMarketing Mistakes and Successes175322 Words   |  702 Pagesstudies. I. Title. HF5415.1.H37 2009 658.800973—dc22 2008040282 ISBN-13 978-0-470-16981-0 Printed in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 PREFACE Welcome to the 30th anniversary of Marketing Mistakes and Successes with this 11th edition. Who would have thought that interest in mistakes would be so enduring? Many of you are past users, a few even for decades. I hope you will find this new edition a worthy successor to earlier editions. I thinkRead MoreToyota Supply Chain78751 Words   |  316 Pagesthe ultimate way in which Toyota has built its superior efficiency in operations. I am delighted to see this book about Toyota’s supply chain management written by two leading academics and an experienced Toyota executive. This book reveals the powerful way that Toyota runs its supply chain, and it shows vividly how the Toyota Way and TPS have been ingrained in the processes used by Toyota to run its supply chain. I submit that reading about Toyota Way and TPS is only a starting point for really learningRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesLibrary of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Robbins, Stephen P. Organizational behavior / Stephen P. Robbins, Timothy A. Judge. — 15th ed. p. cm. Includes indexes. ISBN-13: 978-0-13-283487-2 ISBN-10: 0-13-283487-1 1. Organizational behavior. I. Judge, Tim. II. Title. HD58.7.R62 2012 658.3—dc23 2011038674 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 ISBN 10: 0-13-283487-1 ISBN 13: 978-0-13-283487-2 Brief Contents Preface xxii 1 2 Introduction 1 What Is Organizational Behavior? 3 The Individual

Heat Exchanger and Design of Thermal Systems Heat Exchanger Design

Question: Discuss about the Report for Heat Exchanger and Design of Thermal Systems of Heat Exchanger Design. Answer: Introduction The report is about the design of a condenser for 100 cubic meter cool room at 3 Degrees Celsius and R134a. A condenser is a kind of heat exchanger in which vapors are changed into liquid state by removing the latent heat with the aid of a coolant like water. There are two main types of condensers namely the type where the coolant and condensing vapor come into direct contact and the type where the coolant and condensate stream are differentiated by a solid surface, specifically a tube wall. Problem Statement The is need to attain a proper design of a condenser as a form of heat exchange with a fliud that optimizes the heat generated and provides the best result. The rationale for choosing the R134a revolves around its various advantages over other possible selections. Such advantages include the idea that it uses low price of the fluid (Caputo, Pelagagge, Salini, 2008). In addition, R134a employs the technology that is already generally studied and entrenched, and with verified formulas for condensation experiments (Tarrad Altameemi, 2015). Further, the R134a condenser is efficient because it utilizes the economic turbines for the expansion that is already available in the market. Moreover, the fluid used by the R134a condenser does not have the uppermost efficiency measures, both for the heat exchange and the generation of energy (Laskowski, 2012). Operating conditions and parameters based on worst scenario Design of Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers Several methods can be used in this design such as: i. Kern method This method does not cater for the bypass and leakage streams It is simple to apply and precise enough for preliminary design computations It is usually restricted to a fixed baffle cut of about 25 percent ii. Bell-Delaware method This is the most widely used method that considers the leakage through the openings between tubes and baffles and the baffles and shell and bypassing of flow of the fluid around the gap between tube bundle and the shell. iii. Stream Analysis method This is a more rigorous and generic method that is appropriate for computer estimations and forms the basis for most of the commercial computer codes. Construction Details i. The Tube Dimensions The Tube diameters in the range 16 mm and 50 mm Smaller diameters of up to 2.54 cm are preferred since this produces a compact and affordable heat exchanger The larger tubes are used mainly for heavily fouling fluids The suitable steel tubes are BS 3606 although other tubes can be used such as the BS 3274 The Preferred tube lengths range between 6 ft and 24 ft The optimum tube length to shell diameter ratio is approximately between 5 and 10 An estimated value of 19 mm is the suitable tube diameter for the worst scenario cases ii. The Tube Arrangements The tubes normally arranged in equilateral triangular, rotated square patterns or square The Tube pitch, Pt, is computed as OD multiplied by 1.25 iii. The Shells The Shell will be put at a close fit to the tube bundle to minimize bypassing The Shell-bundle clearance will be based on the type of heat exchanger (R134a) iv. Shell-Bundle Clearance The chosen Bundle diameter depends on not only number of tubes but also the number of tube passes The other parameters for the design include Nt = the number of tubes Db = the bundle diameter D0 = tube outside diameter Moreover, n1 and K1 are constants v. The Baffles The single segmental baffle will be used for the purpose of Directing the fluid stream across the tubes (Bhatnagar Bartaria, 2012) Increasing the fluid velocity Improving the rate of transfer The optimal baffle cut for the design is 45% Literature Review All air conditioners have four fundamental constituents and these include an expansion valve, a pump, an evaporator, and a condenser. In addition, they operate using a working fluid as a prinary medium and another opposing fluid medium. It implies that two air conditioners may seem completely different in configuration, size, shape but they would operate in essentially in a similar manner (Bhatnagar Bartaria, 2012). This is due to the broad range of applications and energy sources existing. Most air conditioners obtain their power from a combination of an electrically-driven motor and pump to circulate or pump the refrigerant fluid. A number of natural chillers that are gas-driven couple the pump with a gas engine to produce considerably additional torque. It is also worth mentioning that as the refrigerant or working fluid circulates through theair conditioning systemat significantly evelated pressure through the pump, it jets into an evaporator whereby it transforms to achieve a gaseous state. In the process, the working fluid takes away heat from the opposing fluid medium and operates in the same way as the heat exchanger (Bell, 2004). The working refrigenrant subdesuently enters into to the condenser, where it releases heat to the ambient by condensing back into a liquid state (Laskowski Lewandowski, 2015). The working fluid attains its former low pressure state after passing through an expansion valve. When the cooling medium that can be a fluid or air passes close to the evaporator, substantive quantity of heat is drawn to the evaporator. As a result, the process efficiently cools the opposing medium thereby aiding in the localized cooling within the building (Capata Zangrillo, 2014). The olden times air conditioners used freon as their working refrigenrant, but due to the harmful effects freon poses to the environment, it is no longer widely used. The contemporary designs have met stern challenges to develop the efficiency of a unit, while utilizing a substandard substitute for the freon as a refrigerant (Walawade, Barve, Kulkarni, 2012). Design Drawing The drawing of the design of the condenser is as shown below. The parts of the design are as shown below The geometry of the baffle is as shown in the drawing below Materials List Part Use Plastic used to reduce weight and cost Copper or aluminum tubing provides better-quality thermal properties and a positive impact on the efficiency of the system Paint or powder coating to protect sheet metal Water as a working fluid Is the fluid that circulates through the air-conditioning setup References Bell, K. (2004). Heat Exchanger Design for the Process Industries.J. Heat Transfer,126(6), 877. https://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.1833366 Bhatnagar, P., Bartaria, V. N. (2012). Numerical Analysis of a Surface Condenser Design.International Journal of Innovative Research and Development ISSN 2278 0211,1(5), 223-231. Bhatnagar, P., Bartaria, V. N. (2012). Surface Condenser Design-A Review. International Journal of Innovative Research and Development ISSN 22780211,1(5), 438-449. Capata, R. Zangrillo, E. (2014). Preliminary Design of Compact Condenser in an Organic Rankine Cycle System for the Low Grade Waste Heat Recovery.Energies,7(12), 8008-8035. https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/en7128008 Caputo, A., Pelagagge, P., Salini, P. (2008). Heat exchanger design based on economic optimisation.Applied Thermal Engineering,28(10), 1151-1159. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2007.08.010 Laskowski, R. M. (2012). A mathematical model of a steam condenser in off-design operation. J.Power Technol,92(2), 101-108. Laskowski, R., Lewandowski, J. (2015). Simplified correlation for steam condenser effectiveness under off-design conditions as a function of inlet parameters.Journal of Power Technologies. Tarrad, H., Ali Farhan Altameemi, A. (2015). Experimental and Numerical Model for Thermal Design of Air Cooled Condenser.Global Journal of Research In Engineering,15(3). Walawade, S. C., Barve, B. R., Kulkarni, P. R. (2012). Design and Development of Waste Heat Recovery System for Domestic Refrigerator.IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, 28-32.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Water Balance Essay Sample free essay sample

Adipose tissue is one of the most hydrated of all tissues in the human organic structure. False The most abundant cation in intracellular fluid is sodium. False Electrolytes determine most of the chemical and physical reactions of the organic structure. True Solutes. regardless of size. are able to travel freely between compartments because H2O carries them along the osmotic gradients. False The thirst centre in the encephalon is located in the hypothalamus. True Dehydration can be caused by endocrinal perturbations such as diabetes mellitus or diabetes insipidus. True It is impossible to overhydrate because people need as much H2O as they can imbibe to transport out ordinary organic structure maps. False Water instability. in which end product exceeds intake. doing an instability in organic structure fluids. is termed desiccation. True Salts are lost from the organic structure in sweat. fecal matters. and urine. True Hypoproteinemia reflects a status of remarkably high degrees of plasma proteins and causes tissue hydrops. False Although the Na content of the organic structure may be altered. its concentration in the ECF remains stable because of immediate accommodations in H2O volume. True Sodium is polar to fluid and electrolyte balance and to the homeostasis of all organic structure systems. True When aldosterone release is inhibited. sodium resorption can non happen beyond the roll uping tubing. True Aldosterone stimulates the resorption of Na while heightening potassium secernment. True Pressure diuresis decreases blood volume and blood force per unit area. True Aldosterone is secreted in response to low extracellular K. False To stay decently hydrated. H2O consumption must be H2O end product. True The chief manner the kidney regulates potassium ions is to egest them. True Atrial natriuretic peptide reduces blood force per unit area and blood volume by suppressing about all events that promote vasodilation and K and H2O keeping. False Premenstrual hydrops may be due to enhanced resorption of Na c hloride. True Heavy ingestion of salt replacements high in K can show a serious clinical job when aldosterone release is non normal. True Hypercalcemia causes musculus tetanilla. False The two endocrines responsible for the ordinance of Ca are pituitary endocrine and calcitonin. False Calcitonin targets the castanetss and causes the release of Ca from storage when serum degrees are low. False The normal pH of blood is 7. 35-7. 45. TrueMost acidic substances ( hydrogen ions ) originate as byproducts of cellular metamorphosis. True Weak acids are able to move as chemical buffering systems for the organic structure because they partly dissociate. TrueThe phosphate buffer system is comparatively unimportant for buffering blood plasma. True The individual most of import blood buffer system is the hydrogen carbonate buffer system. True One of the most powerful and plentiful beginnings of buffers is the protein buffer system. True As airing additions and more C dioxide is removed from the blood. the H ion concentration of the blood lessenings. True Regulation of the acid-base system is accomplished chiefly through respiratory control. and the kidneys besides play a little function. False Severe harm to the respiratory system seldom will ensue in acid-base instabilities. False Respiratory acidosis consequences when lungs are obstructed and gas exchange is inefficient. True Prolonged hyperventilation can do alkalosis. True Thirst is ever a dependable index of organic structure H2O demand. False Blood sourness consequences in depression of the CNS. whereas blood alkalosis consequences in overexcitement of the CNS. True 1 ) The body’s H2O volume is closely tied to the degree of which of the undermentioned ions? A ) Ca ions B ) K ionsC ) H ionsD ) Na ions2 ) The term hypotonic hydration refers to ________ .A ) the experiencing 1 might hold after a long swimB ) the unpleasant feeling people have after imbibing excessively much liquor C ) a status that may ensue from nephritic inadequacy or imbibing extraordinary sums of H2O D ) a status that is caused by high degrees of Na in the extracellular fluid compartment 3 ) Hypoproteinemia is a status of remarkably low degrees of plasma proteins. This job is frequently characterized by ________ . A ) tissue hydropsB ) extreme weight lossC ) extreme weight additionD ) nervus harm4 ) Which of the undermentioned endocrines is of import in the ordinance of Na ion concentrations in the extracellular fluid?A ) antidiuretic endocrineB ) erythropoietinC ) aldosteroneD ) renin 5 ) Atrial natriuretic peptide is a endocrine that is made in the atria of the bosom. The influence of this endocrine is to ________ .A ) enhance atrial contractionsB ) activate the renin-angiotensin mechanismC ) prevent pH alterations caused by organic acidsD ) cut down blood force per unit area and blood volume by suppressing Na and H2O keeping 6 ) Respiratory acidosis can happen when ________ .A ) a individual consumes inordinate sums of alkalizersB ) a person’s external respiration is shallow due to obstructionC ) a smuggler has completed a really long endurance contestD ) the kidneys secrete H ions 7 ) Which of the undermentioned two variety meats function as the most of import physiological buffer systems?A ) the lungs and the kidneysB ) the adrenal secretory organs and the testiclesC ) the thyroid secretory organ and the bosomD ) the tummy and the liver 8 ) Which of the picks below is non an indispensable function of salts in the organic structure?A ) neuromuscular activityB ) membrane permeablenessC ) secretory activityD ) constructive metabolism of proteins 9 ) Which of the picks below exerts primary control over Na degrees in the organic structure?A ) VasopressinB ) aldosteroneC ) H2O degreesD ) glucocorticoids 10 ) The fluid nexus between the external and internal environment is ________ . A ) plasmaB ) intracellular fluidC ) interstitial fluidD ) cerebrospinal fluid 11 ) Newborn babies have a comparatively higher ________ content in their Extracellular fluid than do grownups.A ) FeB ) NaC ) MgD ) hydrogen carbonate12 ) Whereas Na is found chiefly in the extracellular fluid. most ________ is found in the intracellular fluid.A ) FeB ) chlorideC ) KD ) Mg 13 ) Which of the undermentioned describes the distribution of Na and K between cells and organic structure fluids? A ) K+ chiefly in the cells. Na+ in the organic structure fluidsB ) Na+ chiefly in the cells. K+ in the organic structure fluidsC ) equal sums of each ion in the cells and organic structure fluidsD ) little of either in the cells. but big sums of each in the organic structure fluids 14 ) Problems with fluid. electrolyte. and acid-base balance are peculiarly common in babies because of their ________ .A ) inefficient kidneys B ) relatively low metabolic ratesC ) low rate of insensible H2O lossD ) low day-to-day rate of fluid exchange 15 ) The individual most of import factor act uponing K ion secernment is ________ .A ) the K ion content in the nephritic tubule cellsB ) the pH of the ICFC ) intracellular Na degreesD ) K ion concentration in blood plasma 16 ) The term alkaline modesty is used to depict the ________ buffer system.A ) phosphateB ) haemoglobinC ) hydrogen carbonateD ) protein 17 ) A falling blood pH and a lifting partial force per unit area of C dioxide due to pneumonia or emphysema indicates ________ .A ) respiratory acidosisB ) respiratory alkalosisC ) metabolic acidosisD ) metabolic alkalosis 18 ) The motion of fluids between cellular compartments ________ .A ) requires active conveyanceB ) is regulated by osmotic and hydrostatic forcesC ) requires ATP for the conveyance to take topographic pointD ) involves filtration 19 ) What endocrine reduces blood force per unit area and blood volume by suppressing about all events that promote vasoconstriction and Na ion and H2O keeping?A ) VasopressinB ) aldosteroneC ) atrial natriuretic peptideD ) tetraiodothyronine 20 ) Which of the followers is non a method for modulating the H ion concentration in blood?A ) chemical buffer systemsB ) dietC ) respiratory alterationsD ) renal mechanism 21 ) Which of the followers is non a chemical buffer system?A ) hydrogen carbonateB ) phosphateC ) nucleic acidD ) protein 22 ) Extracellular fluid in the human organic structure is composed of all of the undermentioned except ________ .A ) lymph and interstitial fluidB ) blood plasmaC ) cerebrospinal fluidD ) glucose 23 ) Which of the undermentioned statements is true sing fluid displacements?A ) Nonelectrolytes are the commanding factor in directing unstable displacements.B ) Electrolytes are non every bit of import as proteins in modulating unstable displacements inthe organic structure.C ) Electrolytes have greater osmotic power than nonelectrolytes and hence have the greatest ability to do unstable displacements.D ) There are ever more positive electrolytes than negative in a solution ; it is hence impossible to follow unstable displacements. 24 ) Which of the undermentioned endocrines is of import in stimulating H2O preservation in the kidneys?A ) aldosteroneB ) thymosinC ) antidiuretic endocrineD ) atrial natriuretic peptide 25 ) The care of the proper pH of the organic structure fluids may be the consequence of ________ . A ) the control of respiratory airingB ) the operation of the assorted buffer systems in the tummy C ) the active secernment of OH- into the filtrate by the kidney tubule cells D ) control of the acids produced in the tummy26 ) Which of the followers is non a upset of H2O balance? A ) inordinate hydration due to extra ADH secernmentB ) hypotonic hydration. in which Na content is normal but H2O content is high C ) hydrops or tissue puffiness. which is normally due to an increased capillary hydrostatic force per unit area D ) extra H2O in interstitial infinites due to a low degree of plasma proteins 27 ) The ordinance of Na ________ . A ) is due to specific Na receptors in the hypothalamusB ) is linked to blood force per unit areaC ) involves aldosterone. a endocrine that increases sodium elimination in the kidneys D ) involves hypothalamic osmoreceptor sensing of ion concentration 28 ) Select the right statement about nephritic mechanisms of acid-base balance. A ) The kidneys are non able to egest phosphorous acid. B ) Excreted H ions are unbound in the filtrate.C ) Kidney tubule cells are able to synthesise bicarbonate ion. D ) The kidneys are the most of import mechanism for extinguishing all bicarbonate ions. 29 ) Blood analysis indicates a low pH. and the patient is take a breathing quickly. Give your cognition of acid-base balance. which of the followers is most likely? A ) respiratory acidosis B ) metabolic acidosisC ) metabolic alkalosisD ) respiratory alkalosis30 ) A patient is take a breathing easy and blood pH analysis indicates an abnormally high value. What is the likely diagnosing? A ) respiratory acidosisB ) metabolic acidosisC ) metabolic alkalosisD ) respiratory alkalosis31 ) One of the major physiological factors that triggers thirst is ________ . A ) a dry oral cavity from high temperaturesB ) going excessively agitatedC ) imbibing caffeinated drinksD ) a rise in plasma osmolality32 ) Annie has merely eaten a big order of to a great extent salted French french friess. some pickled eggs. and some cheese. How will devour this much salt affect her physiology? A ) It will increase the osmolality of the blood. B ) There will be a impermanent addition in blood volume.C ) She will see hypotension.D ) There will be a displacement in the pH of her organic structure fluids to the higher side of the pH graduated table. 33 ) The most of import force doing net H2O flow across capillary walls is ________ . A ) osmotic force per unit area of plasma proteins B ) hydrostatic force per unit area of capillary bloodC ) hydrostatic force per unit area of interstitial fluidD ) intracellular hydrostatic force per unit area34 ) Which of the followers does non depend on the presence of electrolytes? A ) membrane mutual oppositionB ) neuromuscular irritabilityC ) care of osmotic dealingss between cells and ECFD ) sum of organic structure fat35 ) The ordinance of K balance ________ .A ) is non linked to sodium balanceB ) includes nephritic secernment. but neer soaking upC ) is accomplished chiefly by hepatic mechanismsD ) involves aldosterone-induced secernment of potassiumD